A Metacognitive Frame for an Elementary Music Curriculum

Adam Cole

Adam Cole


This paper discusses the need for a mechanism by which to include metacognition
in all aspects of the educational environment. Metacognition, or self-referential
thinking, can be used to greatly empower students to excel in all types of environments.
Specifically it can result in a higher perceived self-efficacy for individuals and groups
which lead to more successes in learning and performance. The research suggests that
there is untapped potential in the instruction of elementary school children in
metacognition. Music, which requires metacognition at a basic level, is an ideal subject
for teaching these skills. The author has provided explanations and templates for
metacognitive warm-ups, community building, and everyday curricular goals.

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